Highlights: off the beaten track in Iran

Despite the country’s rising popularity, it’s quite easy to get off the beaten track in Iran! Here’s 8 of our favorite off the beaten track places in Iran, plus 5 places we don’t think are worth the trip out.

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Walking around the central square of Esfahan, Iran, it might be hard to tell that Iran has been closed off from the world in recent decades. Throngs of elderly German and French tour groups cluster around mosque entrances, Chinese teenagers roam through the endless bazaar alleys, and you might even hear the odd Brit or American accompanied by their mandatory guide.

Thanks to the country’s liberal new visa on arrival program and its firm spot on many a “Top X places you need to visit ASAP or else you’ll die” listicle, Iran’s popularity is skyrocketing.

But that doesn’t mean you need to suffer perpetual crowds! Despite backpacking in Iran for two months of the high season, we saw almost no foreigners the second we left the tourist track.

Where is the “tourist track” in Iran?

As with any country, there’s a must-see list of cities that most tourists will visit:

  • Tehran
  • Esfahan
  • Yazd
  • Shiraz
  • Kashan
  • Kerman, for those that have time

All incredible cities, as you can see in our Iran photo itinerary, but also the most frequented. Luckily, for those looking to get away from the sort-of crowds (or those that just really hate other people), it’s quite easy to get off the beaten track in Iran.


8 highlights off the beaten track in Iran

Off the beaten track highlights in Iran: the Dorud - Andimeshk train - Lost With Purpose

The Dorud-Andimeshk train

Trains are by far the most pleasant form of travel (short of first-class hops on swanky airlines) and the Dorud – Andimeshk train ride was by far one of the most scenic train rides I’ve ever taken and a great way to go off-beat in Iran. Over the course of six or seven hours, the train slowly winds through the mountains of Lorestan, passing through an impressive number of tiny tunnels and chugging by little villages with a population so small you could count it on your fingers.


It’s now possible to book flights and busses in Iran online. Check out 1StQuest to book and pay online in Iran (use the code LWP-QST to get a 5% discount).

Off the beaten track highlights in Iran: The stepped village of Palangan in Kurdistan, Iran - Lost WIth Purpose

The stepped village of Palangan in Kurdistan.

Palangan and Kurdistan

The westernmost region of Iran is known as Kurdistan. A more colorful region of baggy pants and grassy mountains, it was by far the most beautiful region of Iran (in our humble opinions) and great for off the beaten path exploring.

Rainbow overload in the bazaar of Sanandaj, Kurdistan, Iran - Lost With Purpose

Rainbow overload in the bazaar of Sanandaj.

The stepped village of Palangan was our favorite place in Kurdistan. Less touristy in feel than the more popular Masuleh, it’s easy to while away the hours walking amongst its earth-colored houses (they say one house’s roof is the next house’s garden) and exploring the flowering mountains around the village. This is a great area if you truly want to go offbeat in Iran. 

  • Close to: Sanandaj
  • Where to stay:  in Sanandaj (budget)


For most foreigners, Iran is a cash-only economy. This means you’ll have to walk around with large wads of rials. If you don’t feel comfortable about this, check out Mah Card. Mah Card is a prepaid debit card specifically designed for travelers in Iran. Use the promo code LOSTWITHPURPOSE to get a 40% discount on Mah Card.

Despite its rising popularity, it's easy to avoid tourists and get off the beaten track in Iran. Read on to learn about 8 off the beaten track highlights in Iran, and 5 places that just weren't worth the trip.


Off the beaten track highlights of Iran: the Tabriz grand bazaar - Lost With Purpose

One of an endless number of alleys in the Tabriz Bazaar


This city should, by all means, be a part of the tourist track, but most people enter via Tehran, so this city close to the Armenian and Azeri borders is simply too far away to be part of the voyage. Their loss, your gain!

Tabriz is home to the world’s largest covered bazaar, which is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. More importantly, it’s home to some of the friendliest people we encountered in Iran. Considering Iranians are some of the most hospitable people on earth, that’s saying something!

Off the beaten track highlights of Iran: Kandovan, near the city of Tabriz - Lost With Purpose

Pro tip: don’t miss out on a trip to nearby Kandovan when heading to Tabriz. It’s a cave city similar to the more famous Cappadocia, with a mere fraction of the tourists!



The epic view from one of the Castles of the Assassins in the Alamut Valley, Iran - Lost With Purpose

The epic view from one of the Castles of the Assassins in the Alamut Valley.

Alamut Valley

Legend has it the Alamut Valley is the birthplace of assassins. Legend or not, it is home to several remote fortresses known as the Castles of the Assassins.

Off the beaten track in Iran: one of the Castles of the Assassins - Lost With Purpose

The fortresses have since been destroyed, though they’re gradually being restored. Nevertheless, the Alamut Valley is home to some of Iran’s most striking landscapes and is equally as accessible for day-trippers as it is for more outdoorsy folk interested in camping and multi-day treks. Not too many tourists take the effort to visit the Alamut Valley, making it a great alternative travel destination in Iran. 


The shrine of Imam Reza in Mashhad, Iran

The shrine of Imam Reza in Mashhad. Photo from Wikipedia, since cameras aren’t allowed in the shrine!


Mashhad suffers from the same problem as Tabriz: it’s an important destination that’s far too removed from the tourist track to receive many foreign visitors. But no visit to Iran would be complete without visiting this city—it’s only the holiest city in all of Iran!

The city’s only draw is the shrine, but oh, what a shrine it is. It’s a glittering mosaic-covered city, white and shining in the sun, luminescent at night. You can watch people burst into tears, fight like rabid animals, and get lost in prayer at the shrine of Imam Reza, one of the twelve Imams of the Shia sect of Islam (Iran’s major religion). Forget Qom, and head to Mashhad instead.

Pro tip: walk around, be subtly respectful, and you might be allowed to enter the burial tomb of Imam Reza. Prepare to battle for space!



A mobile panorama of Imam Khomeini shrine in Tehran, Iran - Lost With Purpose

Mobile photo of Imam Khomeini shrine since real cameras are a no-no.

Imam Khomeini shrine

Don’t have time to make it all the way out to Mashhad? Head to the (gloriously free) shrine of Imam Khomeini in the outskirts of Tehran.

The exterior of the Imam Khomeini shrine as seen from the Tehran metro - Lost With Purpose

Though unassuming from the outside as it’s still under construction, the complex is absolutely massive and is a good first taste of how grand architecture in Iran can be. You can relax on its carpeted floor and observe all sorts of people, from those crying in prayer before the tomb to families taking selfies (despite the ban on photography) as their kids run circles around the room.

  • Close to: Tehran
  • How to get there: Take the metro to Haram-e Motahhar station, then head towards the shiny towers
  • Where to stay:



Off the beaten track highlights of Iran: The horse races in Gonbad-e Kavus, Iran - Lost With Purpose

Gonbad-e Kavus horse races

For an electric crowd and fast-paced action head out to Gonbad-e Kavus to watch horse races at what was once the greatest hippodrome in the Middle East. The crowd is a melting pot of horsemen from countries all over the region, and a ticket to the races is only about $1.50. Races are held every Friday in spring and summer, so check that they’re happening before heading there. Very few foreigners make it out here, and even foreign tourists are rare. Truly off-beat in Iran. 

The crowds at the horse races in Gonbad-e Kavus, Iran - Lost With Purpose

Protip: While you’re there, check out the UNESCO listed Mil-e Gonbad.



Off the beaten track highlights of Iran: Qaleh Rudkhan - Lost With Purpose

Misty and mysterious Qaleh Rudkhan.

Qaleh Rudkhan

Though the theme park-esque atmosphere of the base of the mountain may be concerning, Qaleh Rudkhan itself is well worth the long climb up. An ancient castle deep in the Iranian “jungle”, it’s overgrown yet well-restored. The air is often misty thanks to the rainy climate of the region, which lends a mysterious feel to the sprawling old building.

The climb is equally as beautiful, and a great place to run into jolly Iranian tourists from Tehran seeking cooler temperatures. Never fear, the theme park feel doesn’t continue all the way up the mountain—the castle is very safe from food vendors and tacky souvenir shops.

Fuman klucheh, cookies, the most godly creations in Iran - Lost With Purpose

Pro tip: Don’t forget to stop for the famous Fuman klucheh (cookies) on your way to the castle! Stuffed with ground up walnuts, sugar, and cinnamon, they’re some of the most famous cookies… for good reason.

5 places off the beaten track in Iran that just weren’t worth it


The bas reliefs at Bisotun in Iran - Lost With Purpose


Ancient as it may be, Bisotun is not nearly as cool as the guidebooks make it seem. The most intricate and famous bas relief is situated a good ways up a massive cliff, and is currently covered in scaffolding from a university team doing research… a decade ago. No one is sure when they’ll return, so don’t count on the scaffolding being removed any time soon. The photo above was taken at full zoom from far, far down below.

If relief(s) is what you seek, head to Persepolis and the nearby Necropolis. They have all the bas reliefs your heart could ever desire.



Masuleh, Iran - Lost With Purpose


Masuleh gets all the love from the guidebooks when it comes to stepped villages, but it doesn’t feel nearly as authentic as others. It’s filled to the brim with local tourists, dress up photo studios, and souvenir shops. Skip it and head to Palangan or Abanyeh instead.



The ruins of the Arg-e Bam in Bam, Iran - Lost With Purpose

Bam Citadel

Bam citadel used to be one of Iran’s most popular destinations until the majority of it was felled by a massive, deadly earthquake in 2003. The people of Bam are incredibly sweet and eager to prove the citadel’s worth, but I’m afraid to say that the city is just too far out of the way to merit visiting a large pile of rubble. Though the citadel is being rebuilt, much of it is off limits and/or still just a pile of rocks, so you’re better off visiting the marginally closer and much more reconstructed Rayen citadel near Kerman.



The dome of Soltaniyeh in Soltaniyeh, Iran - Lost With Purpose


I’m on the fence about this one. Soltaniyeh is a small village with several significant historical sights, namely, its UNESCO listed dome, the largest brick dome in the world. What loses it points is the fact that the entire interior of the dome is covered in scaffolding to the point that you can’t really see anything inside.

The scaffolding inside the dome of Soltaniyeh in Iran - Lost With Purpose

The interior of the dome of Soltaniyeh

However, it could be worth the trip from Zanjan as there are several other mausoleums and burial grounds in the area that you can visit. If you do go, take a peek inside to see if there’s still scaffolding. If there is, just walk around the exterior to save money, then head to the rest of the town’s historical sites.



The inscriptions at Ganjameh near Hamedan, Iran - Lost With Purpose

The only inscriptions at Ganjameh.

Hamedan and the Ganjnameh inscriptions

Sorry Hamedan, but despite the fact that you were one of the great cities in ancient Persia, you’re really just not that exciting these days. Your modern monuments look like a cross between a concrete spaceship and a vibrator, the ruins of the ancient city require too much imagination, and the Ganjnameh inscription is basically a ye olde billboard on the side of a cliff… with a busted theme park at the bottom of it.

Concrete monument in Hamedan, Iran - Lost With Purpose

Our recommendation? Skip Hamedan’s inner city and spend more time exploring Kurdistan’s natural sights and mountain villages.


Despite its rising popularity, it's easy to avoid tourists and get off the beaten track in Iran. Read on to learn about 8 off the beaten track highlights in Iran, and 5 places that just weren't worth the trip.


Planning your Iranian adventure? Don’t forget to get a VPN before leaving so you can still access social media while traveling in Iran.


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Alex Reynolds

American by birth, British by passport, Filipina by appearance. Addicted to ice cream. Enjoys climbing trees, dislikes falling out. Has great fondness for goats which is usually not reciprocated.

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27 thoughts on “Highlights: off the beaten track in Iran

    Sophie and Manolo says:

    Hi Sebastiaan,
    Just wanted to say thank you for all your articles on Iran. We are right now in Kurdistan, and your blog has been a great help, it’s some of the most up to date, correct and practical information for traveling in Iran out there!

    Alex says:

    Thanks guys! I’m glad the blog has been of use, and that you guys made it to Kurdistan. Still my favorite region of Iran! Hope your trip came to a successful conclusion.

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