Caught between worlds: the confusing reality of reverse culture shock

Reverse culture shock from long-term travel is the real deal… one I’m grappling with right now.



“You’ve got to get out of here. This is not normal.”

June’s tone was serious. English traveler, friend, and long time blog follower, June was riding with me in a car past burning mounds of trash along a Bangladeshi highway. She paused conversation to snap photos of the spectacle; I apathetically scrolled through my Instagram messages. Documentation complete, June returned to the issue at hand.

“I’ve traveled the world like you for years. Trust me. You’ve got to get out of these countries every once in a while, or else you’ll forget where you come from. You cannot let this become normal for you.” Scavenging people poking through the trash whizzed by the window.

Typical cocky twenty-something, I mentally scoffed. I am a cultural chameleon! An exception! Adapting to my environment is my forte and I will be fine!

… but since that moment, I couldn’t stop thinking about what she said.

Reverse culture shock from long-term travel - Piles of trash on the streets of Dhaka, Bangladesh - Lost With Purpose travel blog

Dhaka, Bangladesh: trash there, don’t care.

F*cked up normalcy

The thing is, I think June was right. What has become “normal” to me?

Trash mounds crawling with pigs or stray dogs or people or licking flames are no surprise. Walkways coated in waste do not phase me; I simply join the crowds trudging beaten paths through stinking urban swamps.

Normal is public spaces overflowing with men… and only men. Missing women are in “their place” at home, hidden away behind car windows and rickshaw panels, or swathed in fabric to “protect” them from the crowds of men. Men are my only conversation partners; men are often the only ones I can meet. Some days it upsets me, most days I accept my fate.

Reverse culture shock from long-term travel - Men watching me on Nijhum Dwip island, Bangladesh - Lost With Purpose travel blog

Nothing like a big group of men on Nijhum Dwip, Bangladesh watching me take every bite of my breakfast, eh eh?

My religious views (… or lack thereof) are like a dirty secret, a burden only to be shared with a very select few on the ground. The idea of telling someone my true beliefs makes me uncomfortable; they might interpret my beliefs as a betrayal of theirs, and act upon it.

Rearranging on buses and taxis and trains to ensure women can sit next to me is instinctive. I feel conscious walking around with only male friends for company. Without realizing it, I’ve adapted to cultural norms put in place to keep boys and girls far from each other in the name of modesty and decency… even though I believe in the exact opposite.

Reverse culture shock from long-term travel - Women and girls in Thall, Pakistan - Lost With Purpose travel blog

Women and girls hidden away behind walls in Thall, Pakistan

So what isn’t normal then?

These days, something as simple as a woman smoking a cigarette or walking alone is exciting to me. Young boys and girls hanging out and flirting, even in the dark of night in the most secluded places, seems like the sexual revolution of the 60s. Places qualify as delightfully clean if the pieces of trash on the ground can be counted on my fingers. Working women in any public-facing field are a noteworthy occurrence.

Realizing my standards had shifted was uncomfortable enough. Then I was thrown into the deep end.

Lost in Latin America

The shock hit me when I flew from Islamabad, Pakistan, to Manaus, Brazil.

Before getting on the plane, I was in a conservative country of strict social constructs. Where men rule the streets and women stay at home. Where I was once offered a sheet to shield my body from prying eyes before heading out for the evening. Where walking around on my own as a woman is often a spectacle, rather than a norm.

Reverse culture shock from long-term travel - Women in chador in Peshawar - Lost With Purpose travel blog

Women shopping in a women’s area of the bazar in Peshawar, Pakistan

Several flights later, I was in a state capital where gangs of both boys and girls hang out in parks smoking cigarettes together at night, and couples hold hands while walking the streets in broad daylight. Where God is present, but isn’t the sole motivator of law and actions.

Reverse culture shock from long-term travel - Drinking on the street of Manaus, Brazil with two boys - Lost With Purpose travel blog

Sitting outside on the street in shorts with beer singing to music with two boys I’m not related to? Yes! Wait… what?

A friend told me about his homosexuality loud and proud in public without issue. Not a single long stare punctured my time wandering through Manaus’ streets on my own.

Reverse culture shock from long-term travel - Young girls in tiny clothes at the OneSight eye care clinic in Murutinga village, Brazil - Lost With Purpose travel blog

Even in the Brazilian villages the shift was extreme. These two teenage girls showed up to the eye care clinic I was working at with OneSight. No male escort, no modest dress, no one harassing them for being out on their own in tiny clothes. Amazing! … or is it?

Two weeks after that, I landed in Cartagena, Colombia.

In Cartagena’s old city, historic buildings are preserved with care, and city streets lined with dustbins are cleaned each day. Street dogs were few and not rotting to death; horses with gleaming coats drew polished carriages. Girls in clothes tight enough to burst drove by on their own motorbikes.

Reverse culture shock from long-term travel - Streets of Cartagena, Colombia - Lost With Purpose travel blog

Legs on the streets of Cartagena’s touristic old city

One warm Cartagena evening, I shared kisses and cheap beer in a public square with a Colombian boy I’d met. No bystander so much as batted an eyelid.

I eventually pulled away in shock. “One month ago I would never have gotten away with this,” I breathed, half exhilarated, half confused. “I can’t believe this is happening.”

Reverse culture shock from long-term travel - Boy on the walls of Cartagena, Colombia - Lost With Purpose travel blog

He laughed and we carried on. Alcohol and warm weather dulled my turbulent thoughts, but I still peered out of the corner of my eye to make sure no scowling aunties or perverted men were watching. They weren’t.

Reverse culture shock from long-term travel - A public square in the evening in Cartagena, Colombia - Lost With Purpose travel blog

A square in Cartagena, Colombia

As my hangover dissipated and my head cleared the next morning, I probed the muddled emotions in my mind:

Shock. Everything and everyone on the streets around me felt so foreign, so surreal, so… sexual. Like I dropped straight into a film… or a porn.

Shame. Guilt niggled in my mind when I thought about how “immodest” I was the previous evening. The confusion intensified when I realized I shouldn’t feel that way in the first place.

Confusion. Despite the culture being relatively similar to my own, I felt like a lost outsider looking in…. so where was my place, then?

Reverse culture shock from long-term travel - Selfie with girls in Assam, India - Lost With Purpose travel blog

Selfie time with some girls on the Brahmaputra River in Assam, India

Too fitting to be foreign, too foreign to be fitting

“Place” can be mental as well as physical. A space, a culture, an ideology you feel comfortable with, that feels normal to you.

The thing is, over the last 2+ years my perception of what is “normal” has clearly distorted.

During those two plus years, I spent a total of almost 1.5 years traveling through conservative South Asia—particularly India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh—and began to feel very at home in the region despite its frustrations. What caused my cultural shift?

After pondering for a long while, I realized it’s because everywhere I go in Asia, my dark hair and melanin get me mistaken for a local. And I think salwar kameez is the greatest clothing ever.

Passersby ask me questions in their language; faces screw up in confusion when I can’t respond. I slip into sights for local prices. Strangers ask me to translate their comments when I walk around with white travelers (when they don’t ignore me altogether). Locals are more comfortable speaking with me because my appearance is familiar, more approachable. Half of my followers seem to think I’m a desi girl from India or Pakistan.

Reverse culture shock from long-term travel - Staring out the window on a train through Balochistan, Pakistan - Lost With Purpose travel blog

On the train from Quetta to Karachi, the final leg of the longest border crossing I’ve done to date

(Assimilation has its setbacks. I’m often judged according to local standards; my actions earn plenty of scowls and disapproval from haughty aunties and uncles. I am not automatically granted the leeway or privileges white foreigners receive. Lecherous men also find me more approachable and appealing because I am their holy grail: the “loose” morals of an American combined with the looks of a desi girl. Sigh.)

Reverse culture shock from long-term travel - Alex walking in the white desert known as the Great Rann of Kutch in Gujarat, India - Lost With Purpose travel blog

Dupattas 4 dayz in the Great Rann of Kutch desert in Gujarat, India

In a way, I feel like I belong. More than I ever did in the overwhelmingly white suburban communities of my childhood, anyway.

Yet at the same time, I’m never going to be desi, never going to be a true part of any South Asian culture.

No matter what I wear, how I speak, the way I act, I will always be an outsider, an angrezi, a firangi. Once it’s known, people do not easily forget that I was born in the United States. I am introduced as American girl by friends and acquaintances on the good days, reminded that I am naught but a clueless outsider by people uncomfortable with my opinions on the bad days.

One of my feet is inside the desi door (shoe off, of course). The other has to wait on the outside—on the other side of the world—forever.

Reverse culture shock from long-term travel - Standing on a rock overlooking Yasin Valley in Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan - Lost With Purpose travel blog

Soaking up the views over Yasin Valley in Pakistan

Caught between cultures 

It’s not that I aspire to walk through this metaphorical door, to be accepted as local. But it feels like my body and mind have already passed through the doorframe, and I’m not sure if that’s where they should be.

Where does one draw the line between appreciating and adapting to a culture and standing back from it? What do you do when you’ve been away from home long enough that another culture is more comfortable than your own?

I don’t yet have an answer to the conundrum; I’m still coming to terms with the extent of it myself.

Reverse culture shock from long-term travel - Weird choices in a big American supermarket - Lost With Purpose travel blog

Overwhelmed by curious options in gigantic American supermarkets…

Now that I’m visiting my family at “home” the United States—simultaneously an epitome of West and a melting pot of people caught between cultures—those questions become even more muddled.

The United States has not been my home for more than five years. It feels more foreign than some of the places I’ve been… yet it still defines me as a person. Whether I like it or not.

Coming “home” requires me to confront this identity, to step through mental stages of reverse culture shock. Shock is necessary to come to terms with both what I’ve seen and who I’ve become through my travels… but it’s damned confusing sometimes.

Though I’m still sorting out my own mental mess, I want to share my experience with reverse culture shock with you now. Reverse culture shock is a very real side effect of travel that isn’t discussed enough… and not everyone realizes it exists.

Reverse culture shock is real

Reverse culture shock is often lost on others who have never been away long enough for home to feel foreign.

In my experience, people think I should be grateful to come back to a developed Western world, not confused by it. Plenty of you out there know the feeling; a handful already stepped forward to message me about your own confusing experiences coming home.

Returning “home” and realizing it’s uncomfortable foreign is perplexing enough as is. Not being able to express that sentiment without coming off as some preachy person who went and ~*found themselves*~ and/or became a Certifiable Saint after a week of volunteering in a developing country is even worse.

Reverse culture shock from long-term travel - Taking selfies with young girls in Bihar, India - Lost With Purpose travel blog

*Omg totally saved ~all~ the poor little Indian kids from hunger and poverty, you don’t even.* JK, these girls in Bhagalpur, Bihar walked around with me for an hour before they were roped into taking selfies by this random man…

It’s tough. If people around you don’t understand—or realize the shock is real at all—you have to internalize your feelings, which is never a good thing.

For those struggling with reverse culture shock after long-term travel, there are a few things I’ve personally found helpful for managing it:

1. Don’t bother trying to share with people who don’t care.

It’ll just make you feel bad, and marginalize your internal struggle even more. Save your travel stories (and outsider observations about home) for people who will actually listen, care, and discuss with you.

2. Travel in your own home.

You’ve survived your explorations of foreign places or countries—what’s to stop you from doing the same on your own turf? Seek out some of the same experiences you do on the road. In my case, that means people watching, seeking delicious sugar-filled delights, and keeping an eye out for unusual or interesting experiences.

Reverse culture shock from long-term travel - Amish horse cart driving past a motorbike - Lost With Purpose travel blog

Exploring my own home: I recently went out to Amish country in the middle of Pennsylvania, where religious minorities choose to live traditionally without modern conveniences such as cars and electricity.

3. Fixate on the good things about coming home/back to your culture.

After initial weeks of dwelling and confusion, I’m trying to actively focus on the things I enjoy that I don’t have on the road: family time, healthy food (… in between unhealthy ice creams), actually good drinks, jogging without loitering men eye-raping my body.

Adaptation is a gradual process, and these things have been easing mine.

All in good time

Of course, they’re not a quick fix; shock takes time to fade. Around two months (!!!) have passed since I flew to Brazil and returned to the Western world, and I’m still finding my balance.

Tiny clothes are no longer shocking—booty shorts and joggers in sports bras being the exceptions—I’ve learned to ignore consumerist discussions, and I’ve mostly managed to tame my griping about how good life is for people in the US compared to people abroad.

Mega American supermarkets still unnerve me. Strolling down the prim river trail through Philadelphia filled with joggers in athletic clothes and hipster yuppie families was like exploring another planet. I instantly felt ashamed when a Bengali auntie in a sari gave me and my bare legs a withering look in a desi market last week.

Reverse culture shock from long-term travel - Philadelphia River Walkway - Lost With Purpose travel blog

The river walk in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Might as well be Mars.

As with everything in life, I know with time my mind will find its equilibrium. If I can adapt to one culture, I can transition “back” to another… and then adapt once more when I get back on the road.

Until then, I’ll continue on living as the outsider. I’m used to it—such is the life of a traveler.


Want more real talk from the road? Here’s what it was like to break up while traveling.


Struggling with reverse culture shock after traveling for a long time? I feel you! Reverse culture shock is real, and something to be talked about. Read on to learn my story with reverse culture shock after years of travel, and advice on how to deal with it.
Struggling with reverse culture shock after traveling for a long time? I feel you! Reverse culture shock is real, and something to be talked about. Read on to learn my story with reverse culture shock after years of travel, and advice on how to deal with it.
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Alex Reynolds

American by birth, British by passport, Filipina by appearance. Addicted to ice cream. Enjoys climbing trees, dislikes falling out. Has great fondness for goats which is usually not reciprocated.

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20 thoughts on “Caught between worlds: the confusing reality of reverse culture shock

    Alexandra says:

    I returned after 5 years living in Japan to my latin american country, by the time i left whatsapp and smartphones basically didnt exist, at least in my country.
    I was in my middle thirties, my friends and some of my closer relatives were also my age, some of them were single, some of them had a partner.
    When i came home, i was angry at everything and everybody, for me, the time in my country was freeze, but here, the world kept moving (without me), i found my parents very old, doing stuff, forgetting stuff and acting in ways the didnt act before i leave, they were 70 when i left, at that age, 5 years can change a lot.
    Not only them, my brother also has changed, he lost his business, went into a depression (i never knew when i was in Japan), he built another business with the assistance of my parents, that experience changed him, he was more temperamental and i found him very stressed.
    I didnt had anymore single friends (i was single too), those with partners, got married and everybody had kids, i suddenly was the only single in my circle of friends and family.
    I used to talk a lot on the phone, but now, with whatsapp, even, when its free, nobody talks on the phone, they just send text messages, even for birthday, they didn’t had much time to hang out because they were all very busy with marriage, work and kids. Everybody got used to your absence, and even when you are here now, its not the same.
    I also found strange my third world country, accentuated social issues, insecurity in the streets, garbage and a lack of respect, lack of jobs, etc. The contrast with Japan was huge.
    I went into a depression, fortunately i still have my parents but, even them didnt understand why i was in that state if just came home.
    I decided after several months to go to therapy.
    My dog, therapy, and later starting to do handcrafts objects, i started to move on. It has been one year and a half, im still recovering, but something i have learn from this is that you are alone, if you fall you have to pick yourself because nobody will be able to help, they dont understand what is going on with you.
    Fortunately, even when this look pessimist, i must say, living abroad for 5 years helped me to understand a little bit the humanity, the world, and to be able to gain strengh for myself, by myself, i also started to heal, i suddenly wanted to comfront all my demons because i knew i survived in a different country, without friends, family and almost without the language.
    The cool thing is that i get to know myself better, and i also started to do things that before Japan i couldnt do because i was afraid or embarrased to do. Now im just trying to be me, i see most of the people around me giving up their dreams and desires, but, as for me, i feel stronger.
    I’m not the person before i went to Japan, not the person i was in Japan, i think im in the best moment of my life to start being me in all senses, and this wouldn’t be possible if i hadnt leave my mother country.
    I finally started to see the rainbow.

    Amalina Davis says:

    Amazing read! I just discovered your blog and have already fallen in love with your storytelling.

    I experienced similar culture shock, but in reverse. I’m originally from Malaysia, a relatively conservative Muslim country (nothing in comparison to Afghanistan though), and moved to Australia and Spain for university. After spending 6 years in the western world, coming back to Malaysia was a shock. I had to get used to men eye-raping me, judgemental looks when I’m eating alone in public, nosy relatives asking me when I’m going to get married (its not nice that a woman in her late 20s is still single…)

    It’s cool to hear your perspective in reverse. Makes me realize we all have our struggles in different ways, yet you’re never alone 🙂

    feohgfehiogf says:

    Good! I had reverse culture shock when I came back to the US from India in July 2019. It was severe because when I went to grocery stores, I was overwhelmed by the amount of choices. Also, adding tax and not including tax in price tags at the cash register was jarring. Using the imperial system (with miles, feet, inches, yards, etc.) was confusing. Using the month-day-year date format was confusing. The food portions were shocking to me. Reverse culture shock was so severe to me that I was thinking on moving back to India. Loved the story, and keep up the great work.

    thethoughtwithin says:

    I find it interesting, yet beautiful, how all these cultures are now a part of you. Since i come from a country where women are fully clothed; seeing them in the smallest bits of clothing surprised me. Even though I admit that i find mini-shorts super cute, i feel more comfortable, and more at ease, when i dress fully.
    So i hope you find your ground, with what makes YOU most comfortable.

    Sending love.

    Jessica King says:

    I am very happy to have stumbled upon this article at this time in my life. In thr past 10 years I have lived in 6 countries and travelled to 30 different countries. Due to the pandemic, I have recently returned home to the UK. Yes, reverse culture shock is very real indeed. It hit me pretty hard recently especially as we are also in the midst of a global pandemic. This feeling that everyone back home has progressed with their lives (marriage, house, careers and investments). Whereas I now feel I am starting again from zero in my own country at the age of 31. As someone who is usually bright, bubbly and always making jokes. I have discovered a very different side of myself since my return. I have experienced anxiety, depression and isolation and a general feeling of worthlessness. I am practising meditation, exercising often, reading and taking walks in the nature in order to find my balance. I hope to overcome this and find myself once again.

    Mariana says:

    HI, I follow you since 2019 with the purpose to immerse myself in exotic explorations while I was very comfortably sat in my sofa. Pandemia made some changes in my way of looking at my routine. I was forced to be indoors, at home, my good home, and what I missed a lot was not my office 50 km away but the outdoors I only enjoyed during vacations. My perspective changed when I was diagnosed with pneumonia during Covid high pics. ¿Why I drive so much to get to work for 9 hours every day? I live two blocks away from a green area, woods, small lake and beautiful trees I did not care about. That place became my sanctuary. During my illness I had the purpose to heal and to go outdoors, to the mountains that I love. When my pain was relieved I planned a big challenge to myself: go to El Chaltén, to trek and stare the Fitz Roy and find myself in Patagonia Argentina. I did it and it really changed my mind. My own challenge, my own purpose, my goal to feel better. When I came back, only my family understood how good I felt, everybody else gave the ¨oh, you went to Patagonia finally. Did you ate chocolate?¨ Yes, obviously, but I was talking about really happiness running through my veins and lungs when I found myself alone -after walking hours and hours stopping every 15 minutes to deep breath-, in front of the Chaltén mountain when 10 months earlier I couldn’t breathe normally in bed. That day I walked along 30 km. For me that is a world. So, I read about your challenges, your culture shock and I can figure your feelings even when I am far far far so far away from being an explorer or an adventurer like you. I found my balance in my sanctuary two blocks away from home, in riding my old bike and bird watching while working less hours but more focused. I hope you find your balance and stop suffering your culture reverse shock asap. Thank you for wandering and getting lost with purpose. Stay safe. I hope you the best. Deep breathe and regards from Argentina.

    Rick says:

    Stumbled on this reverse culture shock
    late night binge reading. Jessica king, I hear you! I arrived home after traveling the world and had major issues. I was so happy traveling and meeting people and experiencing incredible things. When I got home I was on a lunch with friends and they started talking about a being topic of engineering and I got this weird feeling.

    I was home and alone and bored and broke and starting at nothing in my mid 20s. I had experienced also lot of people living in poverty and struggled with my own privilege perhaps. I foundered a while. It took me a few years but once I fell in love with my now wife, I had purpose. We wanted kids. I got a career. Life got better.

    Those experiences on that one trip of 6 months are all I talk about over a decade later.

    Time for a new trip I think with my family. Hopefully no I’ll effects upon returning;)

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