1% of a Palitana pilgrimage

We were taken on 1/99th (yes, really) of a Jain pilgrimage in Palitana, Gujarat… and it was one of our most favorite experiences in India.


In the winter months, tens of thousands of Jain pilgrims flock to one of  the holiest places in Jainism: Palitana, India. The small, religious town sits at the base of Girnar, a forested holy mountain in India’s Gujarat state. More than a thousand temples blanket the mountainside before spilling onto the flatlands below—it’s truly a temple town.

A Jain pilgrimage in Palitana, India - The holy mountain of Girnar with silhouettes of the temples near Palitana - Lost With Purpose

The temple city atop Girnar mountain

The pilgrims come in droves to climb and pray atop their holy mountain… though “climb” may be an understatement. For many, climbing once isn’t enough. They come to climb the 3.5 kilometer (2.2 mi) mountain path 99 times, a pilgrimage known as a 99-yatra.


Palitana, a town in Gujarat state, India is the holiest place on earth for Jains, and one of the most stunning sights in India. Read on to learn about the mind-boggling pilgrimage Jains embark on, and see photos of the stunning Shatrunjaya Hill, a city of temples atop a mountain.



At 5 A.M. sharp, we join a man named Z under a pitch-black sky to begin our own (singular) climb. A Jain who flew all the way from London for the pilgrimage, Z is bouncing with energy despite the ungodly hour. He grins, telling us he’s been in Palitana for almost a month, and this is his 88th ascent of his 99-yatra trip.

Typically, a pilgrim climbs the mountain three times a day, meaning Z only has four days left in his pilgrimage. We express our amazement at his accomplishment, but Z is quick to point out his nearby friend, who climbed the mountain seven times in one day… while fasting. No food, no water, only walking. Hardcore.

A puttering rickshaw ride through the darkness brings us to the foot of Girnar. The day (night?) is still young, but people are already congregating at a large temple at the foot of the mountain, hoping to begin their climb before the heat of the day sets in.

Jain pilgrimage in Palitana, India - The temple at the base of Girnar mountain - Lost With Purpose

The pathway to the temple is lined with large signs, each explaining what can and cannot be brought onto the mountain.

Forbidden item number one: leather. Jains are like religious vegans—they’re strictly opposed to meat and anything made with animal products. Milk is the only exception.

Food and water also appear on the list. During the pilgrimage, most Jains eat only one meal a day early in the afternoon, though many fast beyond that as a sign of devotion. As for water, it’s believed there are more bacteria in water when it’s dark outside. Despite the verity of said belief, all pilgrims refrain from drinking water before sunrise (usually before 8:15), and after sunset.

Cameras are also prohibited, but this being India, a quick look reveals the rule is loosely enforced. Camera it is.

Jain pilgrimage in Palitana, India - A temple at the base of the mountain in Palitana - Lost With Purpose

We enter the first temple, gingerly stepping through crowds of people praying on the ground. Z smiles apologetically, “Please wait one minute, my friends and I must pray.” As he and his friends kneel onto the floor and begin chanting softly, we take a seat on marble steps around the hall’s periphery, outsiders looking in.

Dumpling pilgrims are bundled up in layers of coats and blankets, plopped behind tiny square prayer tables. Piles of uncooked rice form swastikas and other holy symbols on the tables, decorated with little pieces of fruit as offerings. Trails of incense smoke drift lazily through the air, dancing around the breaths of pilgrims as they read prayers from books and printed cards.

Occasionally, someone stands and moves to the front of the hall, where an exposed stretch of rock shimmers with gold leaf. As a young woman presses a square of gold onto the shining surface, Z appears out of nowhere, breaking my reverie. “It’s the start of the mountain, the first hill,” he gestures at the rock, “They’re making an offering there to bless their climb.”

As the woman finishes making her offering, we, too, move away to begin our own ascent.

Jain pilgrimage in Palitana, India - Pilgrims climbing Girnar mountain - Lost With Purpose

Palitana below, pilgrims above

In the footsteps of tirthankaras

3,500 steps lay between us and the main temple atop the mountain. The number seems daunting, especially before the crack of dawn, but we quickly fall into a loping rhythm. The stone steps are spacious enough for four people across, and low enough for conversation to flow without much effort.

“People climb this mountain to follow in the steps of the first tirthankar, who visited this place 99 times,” Z says between breaths. “Tirthankaras are sort of like the teachers or leaders of Jainism. They’re people who reached enlightenment in their lifetimes, and escaped the cycle of life and rebirth, moksha.

It sounds uncannily similar to Buddhism… or Hinduism. As we zigzag up the mountain trail, bells peal as people begin and end their prayers. Statues of tirthankaras in meditating lotus position line the paths. Intricate temple roofs climb towards the sky, indistinguishable from their Hindu counterparts to our foreign eyes.

Jain pilgrimage in Palitana, India - Tirthankar statues on Girnar mountain - Lost With Purpose

When I point this out, Z laughs. “Yeah, totally man! Jainism is like a crazy mixture of Buddhism and Hinduism. This is India, after all.”


Jain pilgrimage in Palitana, India - Sunrise over Palitana, Gujarat, India - Lost With Purpose

The first light of day

A world apart

Just as our calves begin to cry in resistance, we find ourselves at the end of our climb. Orange light streaks across the horizon under a midnight blue sky, a first hint at the coming sunrise. My breath catches as I see hundreds of temple silhouettes emerging from the darkness. It’s one thing to know there are a thousand plus temples atop a hill, but being among them evokes another feeling entirely.

Jain pilgrimage in Palitana, India - Temple silhouettes at sunrise - Lost With Purpose

Jain pilgrimage to Palitana, India - Sunrise on the temple - Lost With Purpose

Jain pilgrimage in Palitana, India - Sunrise view of Bahawani lake beyond the Palitana temples - Lost With Purpose

A temple-top view of nearby Bahawani Lake

The mountaintop is already a flurry of activity. Nimble youth head down the mountain to begin the next climb, skipping by hunched old women determinedly shuffling ahead, hands tightly gripping stout walking sticks. People kneel in prayer before one small temple on the mountain’s edge, murmuring softly. Every single angle of my vision is filled with white marble temples. Some are new or still under construction, others have clearly been guarding the mountain since the dawn of time.

Jain pilgrimage in Palitana, India - Sunrise over the mountain of temples, Shatrunjaya Hill - Lost With Purpose

Shoes are left at an entrance gate, and we walk into the heart of the temple complex. One temple, known as the Adinath temple, rises well above the rest. Z guides us in, following the flow of the crowds. Darkness envelops us, then our eyes adjust to the flickering lanterns lighting the scene.

Jain pilgrimage in Palitana, India - Sunrise on the Adinath temple in Palitana - Lost With Purpose

The first tirthankar

Dozens of people are seated in prayer, all pointing towards the center of the temple chamber where a life-sized marble idol stands. The lanterns around it cast a divine glow onto its surface, glittering as they reflect off the idol’s eyes. The idol is regal with its gold coating and jeweled decorations, a fitting centerpiece to this majestic city of temples.

Z leans over to us. “That’s Rishabhdev, the first tirthankar. He found enlightenment in this very spot,” he whispers. “There are more than 8,000 idols in Palitana, but this is one of the oldest. It’s more than a thousand years old.”

The scene around us is equally ancient. Under the dim lamplight, there are no phones or cameras, no electricity. People in crisp dhotis and colorful saris sit behind wooden prayer tables covered in offerings, reading from crumbling books that might be several months old… or several centuries. Pilgrims at the front of the temple swish what look like flywhisks made of animal hair, and hold up mirrors to reflect light in ritual. The walls of the temple rise high into darkness above us, blackened by lantern flames over the centuries.

Much of India is developing at a rapid pace, but there are far more places caught in history, where ancient ritual has yet to give way to the modern day. Breathing in the incense-filled air, and watching over the chanting pilgrims, I realize Palitana is one such place.

Jain pilgrimage in Palitana, Gujarat, India - Sunrise on temple details - Lost With Purpose

As people begin jostling for better views of the idol, we slip back through the entrance to give them space, away from the ancient scene and back into the sunlight of the modern day.


Jain pilgrimage in Palitana, India - Adinath temple doors - Lost With Purpose

The views from the top floors of the main temple weren’t half bad

Through the city of temples

We part ways in the shade of a holy tree in the temple’s courtyard. Z takes his leave to continue on with climbing, and we venture deeper into the maze of temples, bare feet padding softly on the cool marble floors.

Sunrise at the temples during a Jain pilgrimage in Palitana, India - Lost With Purpose

The paths wander aimlessly up and around temples of all shapes and sizes. Some are creamy, some are white. Some are made of stone and traced with moss; others are painted smooth and adorned with colored glass.

Jain pilgrimage in Palitana, India - Walking through the Palitana temples - Lost With Purpose

Each temple is a moment in history, a mark on a timeline stretching back more than 900 years. Thanks to a flourishing community of Jain businessmen, new temples still are being added, and old ones are given the care they need.

I wonder what Palitana will look like in 20 years? 50? 100?

Jain pilgrimage in Palitana, Gujarat, India - Palitana temples from above - Lost With Purpose

A mere handful of the hundreds of temples

Old and new, the golden rays of sun warm all the temples. As the sun rises in the sky, more people emerge from the woodwork to bask in the daylight and rest their weary legs.

Jain pilgrimage in Palitana, India - Sebastiaan looking out over the temples of Palitana - Lost With Purpose

Gradually, the heat transitions from pleasant to uncomfortable, and our legs begin to wobble from the numerous stairs. It’s time to descend.

Jain pilgrimage in Palitana, India - The path down Shatrunjaya Hill - Lost With Purpose

The long way down

Sidestepping ever more pilgrims, rich Indians being carried up on bamboo seats, and the occasional middle-aged European, we traipse down the mountain and back through Palitana, reaching our pilgrim guesthouse just before our calves decide to secede from our legs.

The 99-yatra Jain pilgrimage in Palitana, Gujarat, India - People climbing Girnar mountain - Lost With Purpose

Jain pilgrimage in Palitana, Gujarat, India - Pilgrims at the base of the mountain - Lost With Purpose

Though it’s only 12 in the afternoon, its hallways are already filled with young adults finished with their three climbs for the day. As we slink into our room to rest bleary eyes and knackered legs (and finally drink some water), they’re chattering happily, buzzing with energy while passing the final hour before their only meal of the day.

And to think, tomorrow they’ll get up and do it all over again.

Practical tips for visiting Palitana

  • Start your climb early, it can get hot up top very quickly!
  • Leave your water bottle at home. You can buy water at the base of the mountain, and drink from well water after 8:15.
  • You can take photos of the temple exteriors, but put your camera away once inside.


Many thanks to Ramesh and Prakash Sheth, who graciously hosted us in Palitana, and even more thanks to their grandaughter/niece Devanshi, who put us in contact with them in addition to connecting us with some of the last Patola artisans in India.


Palitana, a town in Gujarat state, India is the holiest place on earth for Jains, and one of the most stunning sights in India. Read on to learn about the mind-boggling pilgrimage Jains embark on, and see photos of the stunning Shatrunjaya Hill, a city of temples atop a mountain.



Alex Reynolds profile picture

Alex Reynolds

American by birth, British by passport, Filipina by appearance. Addicted to ice cream. Enjoys climbing trees, dislikes falling out. Has great fondness for goats which is usually not reciprocated.

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20 thoughts on “1% of a Palitana pilgrimage

    Vinod says:

    Aadinath dada ,desperately waiting for darshan at palitana, for last 3yrrs hope its made possible to the earliest

    Parash Shah says:

    Dear Alex,
    A wonderful article/blog on Palitana. Yes, I am a Jain and I re-lived every moment of my trip there about 4 years ago through your vivid blog. For that I am immensely grateful.
    On similarities between Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism, Jainism is far older than Buddhism. And Jains believe in 24 Tirthankars starting from Rishabdev/Adinath to Mahavirswami – where Buddhist believe in 24 Dipankars which would not be the case if Buddhism was older. Much like Christianity origins from Judaism. Between Hinduism and Jainism, there are vast spiritual differences. While the modes of practicing the religion are similar – like the prayers, poojas, rituals, offerings, etc. the fundamental principals and values in the religious beliefs are vastly different. The fundamental principle in Jainism is any life in any form can attain moksha and it is unto them to attain it. Whereas in Hinduism, there are gods who you pray to appease to achieve spiritual growth – not so in Jainism.
    About uncooked rice. In our scriptures, it says that the kings and the wealthy made offerings in jewels and of value representing their status in society, whereas a poor person offered rice as that was all they had. In the eyes of god/liberated souls, both offerings were of equal value as it was the state/purity of heart that counts and not the offering. Over time, uncooked rice has become the standard offering and making of religious signs using it.
    On maintaining rituals for the next 100 years, the way religion is being practiced today has changed vastly than it was 20 years ago due to the digital revolution. Jainism is a very scientific religion and all rules and rituals have a purpose – most important of all “ahimsa” (non-violence to any living organism). As much as ahimsa can be preserved and maintained, rules, rituals and practices, will evolve with times.
    Thank you very much for your interesting blog and this wonderful one on Palitana.
    Do write back time permitting. And do feel free to share my thoughts too.

    Thank you for explaining some of this. Glad you liked the article.

    Dylan says:

    This is awesome, will definitely need to check it out in India, thank you!

    Lisa Ressegatti says:

    Dear Alex

    Thanks a lot for all your inspiring writing about our fascinating world. We are preparing our trip to India at the moment. We are cyclists, so we can only visit a small part of the subcontinent. We also would like to visit Gujarat. Do you have any recommendation how to arrange a trip from Ahmedabad to Palitana and back and how many days / nights would be needed (private tour or public transport, not cycling of course)? And if you’ve got a good contact / travel agency in Gujarat that you could recommend, that would be really helpful. Thanks a lot in advance, Lisa.

    manish jain says:

    I visited ur website and read ur blogs with keen interest. You are belssed to have been able to visit so many places so beautifully.
    Where are you travelling these days?
    I want to point out one factual error. In this blog palitana has been written to be on Girnar hills while it is actually on Shetrunjay hills. Girnar hills are another jain mountains in same state Gujarat but far away.
    looking forward for more of your experiences.
    Dr Manish jain

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